A period of the year in the tropical countries when it is believed there is a rainfall or rainstorm periodically, the season of having heavy continuous rains in this tropical countries have always being perceived by the dwellers of these areas.
The same goes to Zanzibar, where it is believed to have decisive rainy seasons of all sorts.
Truth to be said, from the long term life experience, Zanzibar have been experiencing the rainy seasons of their kinds, the likes of
- “spring rains” March-May main rains
- “autumn rains” November – December short rains
Some of which are purposely waited for the sake of production, cultivations and irrigations and such period of time turns out to be the very happier days for the small farmers who are engaging themselves for the small plantations especial for the food production.
In Zanzibar like other areas rainy seasons have their own importance because crops, animals and the whole population is completely rest on it.
Simply, it looks like a gift from the God bestows to mankind, plant, animals and all the other living beings on the earth, without rain we would not be able to survive.
Rainy seasons have some merits as well as some demerits, which are as follow;
Agricultural uses, it is undeniably understood that most of agricultural activities rest on the shoulder of rainy days, the likes of autumn rains ( mvua za vuli) and the spring rains (mvua za masika) of which many smaller farmers in Zanzibar have preferably depend on this period of rains for the sake of food production.
Simply put, rain might have been very inconvenience to some people, but for Zanizbaries it is the life blood of necessary plants.
Rainy water infiltrates in the ground and hence the ground water table rises that is very useful for irrigations purpose, in Zanzibar we have been witnessing the irrigation system takes place at Cheju, where is where there is an ongoing rice production activities, as is understood that rice production valley needs water for its survival.
In the mean while, for the domestic uses the likes of cleanings, washing and cooking, for such reasons, the local people of Zanzibar have been demanding rains as a means for their life.
On the other side of coin, the rains have always caused the significant and negative impacts to the living beings.
Contrary to that of what have been expecting which are its benefits.
This situation is well understood to the people of Zanzibar particularly those who live along side of ponds and small swamps, the likes of Kwa Bintihamran pond, Sebleni, Mwanakwereke pond and the others.
But the most dangerous eye catching one is Kibonde Mzungu small ponds, these are two ponds separated by road.
It becomes one pond by the time of which the rainfall goes out of control, simply means the average of rainfall is very higher, there is where two ponds become one jointly after the road being covered by water by both parts.
The situation during rainy seasons in Zanzibar at times brings calamities instead of benefits, at that moment people become desperate, anxious, not knowing what to do and what not to do, while other shouting, crying loudly asking for the immediate help or solutions because their desperation in the wake of an ongoing rainfall.
In Zanzibar, an excessive rainfall that lead flood situation causes many water born diseases in which ultimately causing death.
For instance an outbreak of malaria, dengue and cholera are typically arising during these rainy seasons.
In the meantime excessive rainfall force migration of the people living in the area closer to the river, pond or swam catchment, such place in Zanzibar like Sebleni, Zia Maboga and kwa Bintihamrani.
It has always been understood that excessive rainfall destroys homes, business, the food damage the crops and other plant and in worst case scenarios it costs the lives of the beings, the vivid example Kibonde Mzungu pond has caused death for the couple years.
There is also a negative economic impact such as destruction of the infrastructure the likes of road, cities and town that soon after are supposed to be rehabilitated.
Conclusively, it is crime not to mention the tireless and relentless efforts made by our government, our friends, family, neighbors and neighbor counties for giving a helpful handy to the victims to sort the problems out during these difficult times of rains.
How much should we say thanks is so far unknown; they are incredibly thoughtful and helpful and they are the ones who stand steadfastly in case of emergency such as handing aids for the victims in terms of foods.
Accommodation as well as financial help, rebuilding the infrastructures the likes of roads example kibonde mzung bridge and an ongoing Mwanakwere road constructions and the most eye catching is the out going project of the drainages construction.
That transfer water from the swamps and ponds to the ocean example Migombani, Sebleni and the completion of the Kwabintihamran drainage project construction.